Modeling of cool roof heat transfer in tropical climate

Cool roof is gaining popularity as a passive building energy saving solution. A concise and easy-to-apply mathematical model is essential for building designers to evaluate the impact of cool coating on heat transfer and indoor thermal comfort. A novel cool roof heat transfer (CRHT) model was developed using the spectral approximation method. The CRHT model was verified against the conduction transfer function method and was validated against experiments performed in two identically configured apartments with concrete roofs in Singapore. The model predictions show that on a sunny day, a cool coating (solar reflectance of 0.74) reduces the peak roof temperature, indoor air temperature and daily heat gain by up to 14.1 °C, 2.4 °C and 0.66 kWh/m2 (or 54%), respectively through the concrete roof. The model predictions match with experimental measurements with reasonable accuracy. Further model predictions suggested that significant daily heat gain reduction can also be achieved by cool coating on galvanized steel (metal) roofs. The daily heat gain reduction brought by the cool coating drops as the roof exposes to higher wind speeds. The proposed CRHT model largely simplifies the calculation of heat transfer of cool roofs, compared to existing methods, and is generally applicable to opaque solid surfaces (roofs and walls).

Suggested citation or credit:

Volume 75, March 2015, Pages 210–223

Additional credits:

Kishor T. Zingre
Man Pun Wana
Shanshan Tonga
Hua Lia
Victor W.-C. Changb
Swee Khian Wongc
Winston Boo Thian Tohc
Irene Yen Leng Leec

Source: Science Direct

Publication Date: October 2014

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